Anundoram Borooah, born at Rajaduar, North Guwahati on 21st of May 1850, was not only a scholar extraordinary, but also the first Assamese and fifth Indian to join the Indian Civil Service. He was also the first Indian Civilian to be appointed a District Magistrate.

Anundoram had his school education from the Guwahati Government Seminary (now known as the Cotton Collegiate School), passed the Entrance Examination of Calcutta University in 1864 and joined the Presidency College. He graduated in 1869 and topped in the examination held by the College to select candidates for studies in England. He arrived in England in the spring of 1869. He was selected for the Indian Civil Service in 1872. He served in many capacities in Assam and the undivided Bengal.

Anundoram published some important and rare Sanskrit classics such as Mahavircharita, Saraswatikanthabharna and Namalinganusasana, along with his own commentaries, noted among them being Janakiramabhashya. His other works include Bhavabhuti and His Place in Sanskrit Literature and Ancient Geography of India. He started compilation of English Sanskrit Dictionary during 1873-74 and completed the same in 1877. Anundoram, also known as Assamese Amarsingha, for having mastered Amarkosa at an early age of fourteen, planned his magnum opus in twelve volumes on Sanskrit Grammar, an enterprise more arduous and prodigious than undertakings of any other scholar of his time. Two of the volumes, which alone he could bring out before his demise, were devoted to prosody and lexicography, and elicited admiration of Max Muller.

Anundoram breathed his last on the 19th of January, 1889. During a short span of a decade and half of his administrative and literary career, Anundoram, amidst engrossing duties of his office, devoted himself to literary creations of formidable volume, reflective of his innate prolific erudition. His life was an embodiment of dedication and hard work. He was, undoubtedly, one of the finest civil servants and a great scholar that Assam has ever produced.